The odyssey begins on the island of ithaca, in the castle of odysseus, a great hero of the trojan war. Crossreferences in general dictionaries to this page 26. The drama starts with a brief appearance of a trio of witches and then moves to a military camp. Created by harvard students for students everywhere, sparknotes is a new breed of study guide. The odyssey book 11 summary when odysseus and his men reached the shore, they set sail. King of pylos and a former warrior in the trojan war. Literature network homer the odyssey book xi book xi then, when we had got down to the sea shore we drew our ship into the water and got her mast and sails into her. Macbeth and banquo, the two generals of the kings army, have defeated two sepaarate invading armies, this news. Of all of shakespeares plays, there are two that stand out to me as my favorites so far. Macbeth, one of shakespeares most popular plays, is among the most powerful and influential tragedies in the english language. Book one the poem begins with an invocation, or prayer, to the muse. Book 1 book 2 book 3 book 4 book 5 book 6 book 7 book 8 book 9 book 10 book 11 book 12 book book 14 book 15 book 16 book 17 book 18 book 19 book 20 book 21 book 22 book 23 book 24 themes all themes fate, the gods, and free will piety, customs, and justice cunning, disguise, and selfrestraint memory and grief glory and honor. Macbeth does as told by his wife, then it dtrikes him that his own friend banquo and his son were a threat to his throne, so he orders to have them killed.
Cliffsnotes on shakespeares macbeth cliffsnotes literature. Titularcharacter macbeth decides to murder the beloved king duncan when three witches prophesize that he will one day take the throne. In book 11 of homers the odyssey, odysseus continues to share the story of his difficult journey with alkinoos and the phaiakians. Sparknotes are the most helpful study guides around to literature, math, science, and more. Jul 10, 20 macbeth tells his wife, lady macbeth all about the prophecy and the lady in the greed of the throne persuades macbeth to kill the former king so as to become the king of scotland himself. Shakespeares macbeth delves into the world of darkness, chaos, and conflict that arises when ones lust for power usurps the moral order. The epic hero, odysseus, overcomes supernatural creatures. Circe on his voyage, by the coast of the sirens, and by the strait. Though the hero himself is still offstage in book one, we find out about his situation by listening in on a conversation that takes place on mount olympus. While odysseus sleeps, athena makes her way into the phaeacians city in the beginning of book 6 in homers the odyssey. True to his word, odysseus returns to aeaea for elpenors funeral rites.
Lively and accessible, sparknotes is perfect for latenight studying and paper writing. Heres where youll find analysis about the book as a whole, from the major themes and. Test your knowledge of macbeth with our quizzes and study questions, or go further with essays on the context and background and links to the best resources around the web. The odyssey, book 11 thematic strand the thematic strand in book 11 is the wandering hero because when a person died, no matter who they were, their spirit went down to the underworld to wander for the rest of eternity. Similar books to cliffsnotes on shakespeares macbeth cliffsnotes. Environmental education resources to commemorate earth days 50th anniversary. These free notes consist of about 95 pages 28,479 words and contain the following sections.
The power of the gods, who usually care more about their internal disputes than about mortal behavior, is cemented at the end of the poem as zeus orders a ceasefire between odysseus and the suitors. The odyssey books 16 summary and analysis gradesaver. First the greeks must get past the sirens whose irresistible songs lure sailors into their islands coastal reefs. Romeo and juliet no fear shakespeare graphic novels no fear shakespeare illustrated book 3. When the wily warriorking odysseus sets off for home after the trojan war, he doesnt realize this simple undertaking will become a perilous journey of 10 years. See a complete list of the characters in the odyssey and indepth analyses of odysseus, telemachus, penelope, athena, calypso, and circe. I was choosing between this book and rosemary sutcliffes and mary pope osbornes versions of the odyssey for our homeschool study of the greeks. One thing i did not enjoy was the disgustingly graphic description of just what it was that happened to the cyclops eye when it was stabbed with the redhot spear. Odysseus sailed forth to the river ocean, which encircles the earth, and offered the proper sacrifice on the shore. Eager to move on, odysseus receives an oxskin pouch from aeolus.
The play begins with the brief appearance of a trio of witches and then moves to a military camp, where the scottish king duncan hears the news that his generals, macbeth and banquo, have defeated two separate invading armiesone from ireland, led by the rebel macdonwald, and one from norway. The first is a comedy, much ado about nothing, which i read back in septemberoctober. Acclaimed actress claire danes burnishes an epic story of heroes, gods, and monsters in a groundbreaking translation of the odyssey, the first great adventure story in the western literary tradition. Then teiresias, who predicted the homeward voyage, the battle with the suitors, and a strange journey to men who know no sea. None of the phaiakians stirred or sighed in the shadowy hall, spellbound as they all were by odysseuss tale at the beginning of book in homers the odyssey. Home english literature classic books the odyssey book i navigate here introduction book i book ii book iii book iv book v book vi book vii book viii book ix book x book xi book xii book xiii book xiv book xv book xvi book xvii book xviii book xix book xx book xxi book xxii book xxiii book xxiv.
Odysseus follows circes instructions, digging a trench at the site prescribed and pouring libations of milk, honey, mellow wine, and pure water. One visit finishes all men but yourselves, twice mortal. Given the epic nature of the poem, very little is understated. Macbeth sparknotes literature guide sparknotes literature guide series book 43. Find a summary of this and each chapter of the odyssey. Well known to be one of shakespeares shortest tragedy drama, macbeth is also one of his best works. In book 10 and elsewhere, hermes is given the epithet slayer of argus, which alludes to a. Promised a golden future as ruler of scotland by three sinister witches, macbeth murders the king in order to succeed to the throne.
Home english literature classic books the odyssey book xii navigate here introduction book i book ii book iii book iv book v book vi book vii book viii book ix book x book xi book xii book xiii book xiv book xv book xvi book xvii book xviii book xix book xx book xxi book xxii book xxiii book xxiv. What is the importance of odysseuss bed in homers odyssey. However, the war ended 20 years earlier and odysseus still hasnt returned back to his home. The free the odyssey notes include comprehensive information and analysis to help you understand the book.
Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. Achilles bemoans his state, saying that he would rather. The odyssey spark notes literature guide by sparknotes. O great alkinoos, preeminent among all people, there is a time for many words, and a time for sleeping. He relates how, after his return from the shades, he was sent by. The odyssey book 1 lyrics the gods in councilminervas visit to ithacathe challenge from telemachus to the suitors tell me, o muse, of that ingenious hero who. The consensus of opinion, however, is that the last book does belong. Summary and analysis book 12 the cattle of the sun.
In it are captured all the winds that might drive the ships off. Books 1012 of homers odyssey contain a number of allusions to other events in classical mythology. Circe is helpful once more, providing supplies and warnings about the journey to begin the next dawn. Numerous suitors mill about the castle, hoping to win the. Telemachus in the assembly of the lords of ithaca complains of the. The first four describe the difficulties faced by telemachus, the son of odysseus. First elpenor spoke, requesting cremation and burial. The odyssey sparknotes literature guide by sparknotes. Chapter summary for homers the odyssey, book 11 summary. Remote work advice from the largest allremote company. Like odysseus, nestor is known as a clever speaker. His wife, lady macbeth, whose own powerhungry greed reaches even. By the time homers audience encounters odyssey 23, odysseus has revealed his identity to his son. Book 11 book 12 book book 14 book 15 book 16 book 17 book 18 book 19 book 20 book 21 book 22 book 23 book 24.
Perfect for acing essays, tests, and quizzes, as well as for writing lesson plans. Click to copy see book summaries chart timeline of events. The poet invokes the muse to help him tell the story of odysseus. As the popular percy jackson series for younger readers attests, kids are fascinated by greek tales of gods, monsters, and heroes, and the odyssey is the original olympian tale. Macbeth as told in a series of texts the sparknotes blog. Summary and analysis book 11 the visit to the dead. Plot odysseus is still telling the phaecians his story. The use of language is firstrate and the fantastic pacing makes it a wonderful readaloud for my 6year old. Having escaped the cyclops, odysseus and his men arrive at the home of aeolus, master of the winds, where they are greeted warmly and hosted for a month. Book 9 30 books 1011 33 books 1214 37 books 1516 41. Summary and analysis book 10 the bewitching queen of aeaea. Like the iliad, the odyssey was composed primarily in the ionic dialect of ancient greek, which was spoken on the aegean islands and in the coastal settlements of asia minor, now modern turkey.
Book 11 book 12 books 14 books 1516 books 1718 books 1920. Book i athena inspires the prince sing to me of the man, muse, the man of twists and turns driven time and again off course, once he had plundered the hallowed heights of troy. A space odyssey sparknotes literature guide ebook by. Sparknotes literature guides make studying smarter, better, and faster. The scene in the land of the dead may seem tedious, even intrusive, to modern readers. One notable exception is achilles, particularly in relation to how he was depicted in the iliad, the immediate predecessor to the odyssey.
Read an overview of the entire poem or a line by line summary and analysis. Books 512 describe the adventures the hero encounters on his way home. The odyssey book 1 summary book one, athena inspires the prince, starts out with someone asking a muse to tell the story of odysseus. But elodie, they didnt have texting in shakespeares day, i can hear you saying. Geared to what todays students need to know, sparknotes provides. Its like a crazy, behindthescenes look at a performance of hamlet if hamlet was actually kind of real life, and there were two completely random people in it. Here begins the tale of the odyssey, as sung by the blind minstrel homer. Overall, books 712 were nearly reminiscencefree, with all the storytelling compacted into book 11, in the land of the dead. On the shores of that realm odysseus digs a trench. In chapter 11, odysseus and his remaining men travel from circes island to the ocean rivers bounds where the cimmerian people live house of the dead to seek tiresias. Tiresias meets odysseus when odysseus journeys to the underworld in book 11. They kept sailing back to circes island and they buried elpenor. Find sample tests, essay help, and translations of shakespeare. The odyssey isnt just an important book, its also a very exciting book and a beautiful work of literature.
Circe gave them food and addressed them hearts of oak, did you go down alive into the homes of death. The land of the dead is near the homes of the cimmerians, who live shrouded in mist and cloud 11. Learn exactly what happened in this chapter, scene, or section of the odyssey and what it means. Ultimately, the gods decide what happens in the mortal world. We learn that poseidon, god of the sea, holds a grudge though we dont know exactly why against odysseus and is making the guys voyage home a pretty difficult one.1090 1127 342 1483 1344 390 120 543 1373 826 412 627 391 10 151 600 1270 229 947 683 413 1131 87 1275 16 241 1093 367 1 125 657 471 969 857 638 69